Did the Republic have a navy and just how big is that navy? (It wasn't at all obvious to me) Further thought, perhaps the like the Clone army, the Republic doesn't have a navy in terms of personnel, and clone troopers were used in that role.
The Republic had nothing in terms of a dedicated, unified military, navy, etc untill the Clone army and all its ships was revealed. Only local planetary forces and the armies of the various unions and groups existed as military power in the republic untill the clone forces came.
Where did all that wonderful heavy weaponry come from? It seemed like the obvious answer was the Kaminos. So, does that mean that the Kaminos are a massive arms manufactruer as well? And did they in fact have more planets doing heavy weapons manufacturing? Or did the heavy weapons (i.e. gunships) come from Republic storage? This is possible since the clone troopers (I assume they were clone troopers using the heavy weapons) seem to know how to handle these weapons, meaning their training was modeled on known existing hardware.
The Kaminoans only supplied the clone troopers, their armor and weaponry. The vehicles, and space vessels were all manufactured by numerous other corporations like the KDY (Kuat Drive Yards) and Sienar Fleet Systems (then known as Sienar Design Systems) and many of their numerous subsidiaries
- Did the Republic manage to gain only partial space superiority given that there were likely active Trade Federation BBs surrounding the planet? The reason for this question was due to the fact that Trade Federation BBs were seen docking unmolested during the Dooku escape scene.
The only Trade Federation and other Union vessels present were all docked on the planet surface as far as I know. However in the Episode 2 Incredible Cross Sections book. It states that the Geonosians launched "thousands of standbye fighters to break the Republic's orbital cordon blocking Corporate Alliance ground reinforcements." So their likely was a space battle but we simply didn't see it in the film.
How powerful are Trade Federation BBs relative to the Republic Acclimators? It almost seem that these ships must be somewhat at parity given that the Republic forces did not gain total space superiority, or perhaps Trade Federation BB had numerical superiority but were inferior in terms of raw capability compared to the Acclimators. This leads back to the question above: Just how strong is the Republic navy?
The Trade Federation ships are definately not a match for the Acclamators as they lack anysort of Turbolaser class weaponry on any of their capital vessels. The Globe portion of the Federation vessels we see in Episode 2 has only 280 point Defense laser cannons each with a maximum yield of 8 kilotons pershot. The rest of the vessel which the Globe part detaches from carries 42 Quad Laser cannons.
The Republic Acclamator class vessels carry 12 Quad Turbolaser class turrets with a yield of 200 GIGATONS pershot and 24 laser cannons with yields of 6 megatons pershot. They also carry 4 Heavy strategic missile/torpedo tubes on the front of them. Their peak shield power is rated at 7E22 Watts. While the Federation ships are physically larger, The Acclamator is a substantially more powerful vessel. These figures all come from the Episode 2 Incredible Cross Sections Book Written by Physicist Curtis Saxton. And it is Officially Licensed by Lucasfilm so the numbers have Official status in the Star Wars universe.